• From Vineyard to Cup

    The Douro Demarcated Region (RDD) is the oldest Denomination of Controlled Origin in the World.
    From Vineyard to Cup
The Douro Demarcated Region (DDR) is the oldest Controlled Denomination of Origin in the World. It is a region with more than 250 years of history. The DDR constituted a historical continuity, and its "cultural, evolutionary and living landscape" has been recognised as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO since 2001.
20th century BC: Traces of vitis vinifera seeds at archaeological sites in the Douro;
3rd-4th century BC: - Traces found in several archaeological sites of the Douro region testify to the intensification of winemaking in Roman times;
1675: The expression "PORT wine" appears for the first time, in the discourse on the Introduction of the Arts in the Kingdom, by Duarte Ribeiro Macedo;
1756: The Marquis of Pombal, Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo, created the Douro Demarcated Region (DDR), laying the foundations of a system of regulation of the production and commerce of its wines through the royal charter of incorporation of the Companhia Geral da Agricultura das Vinhas do Alto Douro (General Upper Douro Vineyards Agricultural Company);
1868: Phylloxera decimates almost all the vines of the DDR;
1933: Port Wine Institute (1933);
1986: The ageing of Port in the Douro is deregulated;
2003: Douro and Port Wine Institute.
Sub- Regions
Sub- Regions
The boundary of the Douro Demarcated Region is approximately 250,000 ha, of which about 42,000 are planted with vines. The region is subdivided into 3 large areas: Baixo Corgo, Cima Corgo and Douro Superior.
Mediterranean microclimate - "Nine months of winter and three months of summer". Winters are very rainy and harsh, snowing in some regions. The summers are long and very hot and the temperature can reach 40°C - 47°C. As we move up from Baixo Corgo to Douro Superior the temperatures increase, and precipitation decreases.
Soils are composed of schist, and are generally poor in certain nutrients. These soils have the great advantage of retaining some water, and of "dosing" it for the plant at the times of the year when its needs are greatest for its good development.
They can basically take one of three forms: Traditional Terraces - Associated with the oldest vineyards in the region, these terraces were built on steep slopes and supported by stone walls. Usually they were very densely planted and of difficult mechanization, demanding a lot of manual labour;
A more modern system (early 1980s), in which the terrace is supported by high earth banks. They may contain one or two training stakes, though in recent years a single stake has been used. It also allows for a good compromise between mechanisation, manual labour and respect for the environment;
Vertical Vineyards
Used where the slope allows (not more than 30%), it is a technique that helps combat erosion and drainage, with some advantages from the plant's point of view.
The DDR has the particularity of having many authorised varieties for wine production. However, at present, the new plantations have opted for a smaller number of grape varieties, chosen for their particular characteristics - about 30 red and white varieties in total.
White Varieties
Arinto, Boal, Cercial, Côdega, Donzelinho Branco, Esgana Cão, Folgasão, Gouveio, Malvasia Corada, Malvasia Fina, Moscatel Galego, Rabigato, Viosinho, Samarrinho.
Red Varieties
Bastardo, Cornifesto, Donzelinho, Malvasia, Mourisco Tinto, Periquita, Rufete, Sousão, Touriga Franca, Touriga Nacional, Tinta Amarela, Tinta Barca, Tinta Barroca, Tinta Brasileira, Tinto Cão, Tinta Francisca, Tinta Roriz
A unique wine in the world. Its distinctiveness comes from the unique characteristics of the Douro Demarcated Region and the particularity of the fermentation process (addition of wine spirit in the middle of fermentation).
Main properties:
  • Richness and intensity of aromas and flavours.
  • High alcohol content - between 19% and 22% vol.
  • Varying degrees of sweetness (from very dry to very sweet).
  • Wide variety of types:
Whites - White Port is produced in various styles, namely associated with periods of more or less prolonged ageing, and different degrees of sweetness, which result from the way in which it is produced.
Rosé - Wines of reddish pink colour. An evolution is intended that preserves the aromas of red fruits with slight floral hints, typical of new wines.
Ruby - Wines of a red or deep purple colour. These wines mature in large vats of wood and stainless steel. Long contact with the air (oxygenation) is avoided, in order to retain their primary, fruity, freshness until bottling.
Tawny - Depending on the age, these wines show an evolution in the colour, that can range from a reddish amber colour to the orange, brownish and greenish colours. They are wines that gradually age in oak barrels and casks (or vats), where they have a lot of contact with the wood and consequent oxygenation, thus developing their characteristics. They develop complex aromas and flavours of dried fruits, vanilla, caramel, chocolate, cedar, etc.
Wide variety of colours
The colours can range from straw yellow, through deep purple, to orange brown and even up to greenish hues.
Ageing of Port
Ageing can be oxidative (ageing in barrels, casks or vats), as occurs with most ports, or it can be more reducing (ageing in the bottle), the case of some LBVs and vintages.
Great diversity of serving situations
Suitable for relaxing and social moments as well as more expansive and special occasions, but particularly appropriate for gastronomic moments.
It's a pleasure wine! And it should be drunk like a WINE!